Ages 25-27, Fulltime in Washington, D.C.

(Note: This part of my life I decided to remove from this website for several years, but on my 51st birthday in 2010 have decided to put it back in. A few things may be repeated in the Ages 27-35 section immediately afterward this one, but I do not want to edit that page.)

I arrived in Washington, D.C., in early 1985 with a job at the US Patent Office. Honestly, I wasn't highly interested in that job but at my university, the US Patent Office sent the only job interviewer from the Washington, D.C., region which I was aware of, and so I interviewed and took a subsequent job offer from them, to be used as a stepping stone to Washington, D.C.

I was a Patent Examiner, whereby my role was to analyze applications for patent -- alleged inventions -- and judge whether or not they were patentable, based on research of the state of the art and certain legal criteria. It was a combination of technology and law. I went thru the academy to learn patent law, as well as trademarks and copyrights, and was fairly quickly on my way to analyzing, researching, and judging applications, as well as handling the applicants' lawyers.

Meanwhile, during off-hours, I got involved in various social groups in the region, primarily related to space development and colonization.

One was the L-5 Society, which had a few tens of thousands of members nationwide and a chapter structure in many cities. The Washington, D.C., chapter covered the suburban Maryland and Virginia areas, and was very active due to its unique location. Within a year, I was actually elected President of this chapter. However, the central national headquarters was disconnected from our chapter, and they had some people doing lobbying and other things who seemed not keen on myself stepping onto their turf.

Another group was the Space Studies Institute (SSI) with headquarters in Princeton, New Jersey, and they had a Washington DC group which was very warmly welcoming of me, but these people shunned politics and some of the people in L-5 and around.

To say the least, there seemed to be some lack of cooperation between some of the L-5 and SSI people despite their very overlapping goals and agendas. I had some good coaches who filled me in on a lot of the details. As in many political organizations, egos, turf battles, and self-righteousness often bubble up.

Frustrations along these lines led to me reverting back to developing PERMANENT on the side.

Meanwhile, I went out applying for jobs in the space development field with NASA contractors as well as in the defense space program.

There were far more jobs in the defense program due to President Reagan's new "Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)" which many scientists and political opponents called "Star Wars" after the fiction movie. The funding was on the rapid rise.

One of the jobs I interviewed for was with a company near the Pentagon which provided analysis at top management levels in the Pentagon, Analytic Services, Inc., aka ANSER,

They were interested in me because I had done research and published a scientific paper in areas they were interested in -- electromagnetic launchers and pulse power systems -- and they needed some expertise in that area. We also hit it off pretty well in interviews, as I knew a good bit about SDI and the technologies already (I tended to stay up on current affairs).

It was interesting to me because my entry level was at a much higher level of program management than for other jobs.

SDI was very controversial because many people questioned its feasibility and high funding levels, including inside defense circles, relative to other priorities in defense spending.

While I was not keen on wasteful spending, I did see the value of having defenses against ballistic missiles, rather than being defenseless, whether they be Russian nuclear missiles or rogue ones, same technology, same systems.

However, I could see that if any defense like SDI were emplaced in space, then they would need things like shielding, stations, fuel propellants, and other massive things which would justify utilizing material already in space from the Moon or asteroids near Earth, instead of trying to launch all that up from Earth, which would help PERMANENT.

(In fact, it was an SDI project which eventually discovered ice at the lunar poles about 10 years later. An SDI probe was sent into lunar orbit with instruments designed to detect water in the permanently shadowed craters at the lunar poles, and that same probe subsequently sent on a multiple asteroid flyby. Unfortunately, the probe had a major technical problem in between the Moon and those asteroids which ended the mission prematurely, a major disappointment. The probe was called Clementine (named after the song about "a miner, 49er, and his daughter Clementine"). However, that was many years later and I'm getting ahead of myself by a few years here ...)

So I took this job and resigned my Patent Office job in short order. So, later in the same year, 1985, I was already working in a space job. However, it had been a good experience going thru the Patent Academy and processing some patent applications.

The division which hired me was helping to manage two space based experiments, Delta 180 and Delta 181 which launched in 1986 and 1987, but surprisingly to me, I kept being assigned to technical assessments of "ideas coming in" and "find a solution for this problem" analysis, which were usually very theoretical, and was kept out on the periphery of those two physical experiments.

One of my specializations was sensors for space cameras. It's funny now because the technology today is so vastly beyond what existed when I finally left that realm in 1987. The compact camera in your pocket or mobile phone are examples, the advances in semiconductor chips for sensors.

There were other areas, too, including electromagnetic launchers and space power which were on my CV, but those turned out to be a tiny part of what I was involved in.

However, nobody in the company or its immediate circles was interested in any concepts utilizing asteroidal or lunar materials in any of their concepts. There were people in SDI interested in that, but they were not in my realm, and any mention of lunar or asteroidal resources utilization was pretty much rebuffed.

So, in 1985 to 1987, I ramped up PERMANENT from home and out in Washington, D.C., circles on my own.

I wrote up a lot of promotional materials and introduced them to a lot of people. I testified to the National Commission on Space. I went to the offices of leading journalists of publications such as Time, Newsweek, U.S. News and World Report, and other places, often sneaking away from work to do so. (I was not interested in talking about SDI outside of my workplace office, only about PERMANENT, though I sometimes used my official scientist status with SDI to get credibility, though I never discussed anything sensitive about SDI, and made it clear that I was there to discuss PERMANENT.)

There were conferences coming and going and I would attend them and occasionally make a presentation, only about PERMANENT, not about SDI.

I also did not publicly promote SDI applications of PERMANENT due to a fear of a backlash, as many people were against SDI and the weaponization of space or what they thought was wasteful spending. All promotion was very private, but still didn't get far.

I was very active outside my job. I didn't know anybody else at my workplace who had any outside activity, as they were all 8-to-5 people who weren't interested in anything about space outside their job, and I generally didn't hang out with my coworkers and instead sought out others to socialize with after hours. The SDI job was very much an 8-to-5-only job for me, too, but I had much bigger interests in my free time.

1985-1987 was kind've the heyday of PERMANENT for awhile, as I met a whole lot of people and organizations, and wrote a lot of the PERMANENT materials at that time.

I'd had to teach myself how to learn a personal computer and how to type, and it was PERMANENT which motivated me to do so. I had not known how to use a computer, but I had some very ambitious needs for PERMANENT so I was busy trying to learn and do a lot!

Internet hardly existed at that time, and it was many years before the World Wide Web even came into existence. All we had back then was Bulletin Board Systems (BBS), and I had the PERMANENT BBS where anybody could dial in to read about PERMANENT, download research, artwork, and send/receive email and files.

I was also trying to design databases and create viewcharts and artwork. Computers back then were not nearly as user friendly as now. It was just MS-DOS. Personal computers were very new to the world. Most professionals had never touched one in 1985. Older people will remember this. If you had a personal computer then you were thought of as a techie. Real managers and workers had a secretary to type everything for them from their handwritten notes. That was 1985.

The PERMANENT BBS was helped immensely by a guy who contacted me. He was a computer specialist running a BBS and computerizing another space organization called the Institute for Security and Cooperation in Outer Space (ISCOS). His name was Steve. I had read of ISCOS because its founder, Dr. Carol Rosin, was a leading opponent of SDI, and was all over the political landscape in Washington, D.C., as well as in the press, debating against SDI -- and I also happened to see her debate live, one on one, on CNN with the originator of SDI, General Daniel Graham, who was also the one who introduced the concept to Ronald Reagan and got SDI started and going as part of Reagan's inner circle. However, I didn't imagine anybody from there would ever contact me, and I didn't think much about them, just another NGO out of many opposing Star Wars.

Carol Rosin had worked closely with Wernher von Braun, the German V2 inventor who became one of the most instrumental in NASA's success in its space program in the 1960s, called by many NASA professionals of the Apollo program as the greatest rocket scientist ever and the biggest key to the success of the Apollo moon program. Rosin had become close to von Braun and became his spokesperson late in his life. When the Apollo program ended, Von Braun became a Vice President for Fairchild Industries, a military defense contractor where Carol Rosin was a corporate manager. After meeting at Fairchild, Rosin explains that Von Braun argued against "weaponization" of space, and for peaceful development, and swayed Rosin over to his viewpoint.

ISCOS opposed SDI because it would weaponize space, and ISCOS promoted peaceful cooperation missions with the Russians and others as alternatives.

At the time, I was more interested in getting some expert help in computers and BBSes for PERMANENT, and for purely practical reasons Steve was the perfect match -- running a BBS, creating his own databases for ISCOS, he could write custom programs. Steve was also a personally nice activist and more than willing to donate time, effort, and skill, unlike most people, for free and enthusiastically. We also had a good friendly rapport, and he was interested in PERMANENT.

I also knew that the Russians were interested in asteroids and planning to send probes to Mars' captured asteroidal moon Phobos, unlike NASA at that time, so I suggested that development of lunar and asteroidal materials along the lines of PERMANENT could become one of the ISCOS "Cooperation in Outer Space" projects, an idea which was received well by Steve and ISCOS. (In 1988, after years of design and building, the Russians indeed launched the Phobos 1 and Phobos 2 probes, one of which died en route and the other took some photos then suddenly died while deploying lander probes.)

In fact, I brainstormed the idea of introducing to ISCOS a prominent leader from the NASA space program who was a major proponent of a joint US-Russian Phobos mission, Dr. Brian T. O'Leary, to ISCOS and Carol Rosin, as Dr. O'Leary had long worked for SSI in promoting asteroidal resources, and at an SSI/AIAA conference in 1985 had promoted a mission to Phobos and Deimos (Mars' other asteroidal moon). Brian was also in the final stages of publishing a book on a joint USA-USSR manned mission to Phobos in 1987.

It was a perfect match to promote PERMANENT's concepts as well as ISCOS'. It turns out that Brian and Carol hit it off extremely well, and Carol eventually even gave Brian the Chairmanship of the Board of Directors ISCOS in 1987!

... but I'm getting ahead of myself.

I eventually visited ISCOS in 1986 and hit it off well with Carol and her staff. They knew I worked on SDI but the PERMANENT stuff was the main topic. We did talk a little bit about SDI in general, though not about my specific technical work at all, just the general political issues, but the main parts of our discussions were about PERMANENT and alternative, peaceful development of space. They were not interested in asking me about my SDI technical work, thank goodness, because that would have started the end of the relationship.

And with Steve, it was mainly about BBS setup and computer stuff, about which he helped me tremendously.

Sometimes, Steve would debate the issues of SDI and weaponization of space with me and we would talk about a lot of political issues, but Steve did not have the scientific or technical background to get into any sort of specificity. Our focus was on software and BBS development. I was into the conceptual design of user friendly and useful systems, and Steve was programmer extraordinaire. Steve was a jovial "people person" and knew a lot about politics and society, but when it came to technical and scientific issues, his understanding was very basic and I had to give him primers on all sorts of things which had nothing to do with my work. Steve seemed to enjoy talking about anything, and there was lots from the layman press on SDI to talk about which had nothing to do with the particular esoteric specializations in which I was working, and it was easy enough to talk about PERMANENT or Stephen Hawking stuff or whatever.

Nonetheless, this liaison with ISCOS, in addition to my running around visiting journalists and others around Washington, D.C., seemed to get the attention of some people in my SDI workplace.

I think my visiting journalists in their offices may have done the same thing, even though it had nothing to do with SDI.

I would put 1985-1987 as three core years when I got a lot done on PERMANENT, and a lot of the PERMANENT book which came out 10 years later was based on things I researched and wrote during that time.

During this time, I also started flexing my newfound computer consulting skills by helping other people, organizations, and businesses set up their computer systems. I started this voluntarily, for free, just for the experience, both software and hardware consulting. I was known for setting up very user friendly systems, at a time when computers were not very user friendly, and businesses were just starting to computerize so that the demand far exceeded supply of computer skilled people. Word got around that I was a good teacher and set up user friendly and practical computer systems, so my services were in demand. Thanks to Steve, I was pretty good about the software, but the hardware part I was still learning.

I resigned my defense department job in late 1987 because I was really tired of the 8-5 routine, I really couldn't see my specialized SDI work helping PERMANENT much, and I saw a brilliant future ahead of me as a computer and communications consultant, a field which was exploding. Such consulting work, I thought, would also give me the flexible schedule and time to work more on PERMANENT.

Many people thought I was nuts. I had thrown away a good paying career, thrown away a security clearance which could have gotten me another good job (it's much easier to transfer a clearance between workplaces than to terminate it and restart it later, so when you quit a job then others may be less likely to hire you -- but I never applied again for any job nor security clearance after 1987), and started on a new career path in which I had no formal education and which people saw as lower class and techie -- computers and modem communications.

However, I had a vision that other people didn't understand. After all, 99% had never even heard of anything called "internet", and 99% had never used email.

My motivations in doing internet consulting were not to make money. They were to empower the individual. To usher in an era where to have "freedom of the press" you no longer needed to own a press, you just needed a computer and a modem. Then you have worldwide publicity. You don't need to own a printing press, lots of paper, staff, and delivery trucks, or a major TV station. All you need is a personal computer and a modem. In 1987, only about 1% of Americans had that, and few were using their computers and modems for humanistic pursuits.

I was a wild-eyed idealist at the time. I also sought after researchers, journalists, nonprofit organizations, and other humanistic people to be my customers, of which Washington, D.C., had plenty.

I wanted to put my military work into my past and forget it. It was never my intention to mix the past and the future.

Recall, though my university degree was in physics, I also had a minor in political science and was very read up on world events. I also wanted to spread internet around the world.

During my university years, I learned a lot about the history of communism, socialism, and capitalism around the world. Experience working in the government and for a government contractor helped that a bit. I became a strong proponent of minimal government, for several reasons:

  • Government promotions tend to be based on loyalty, not competency, and that breeds corruption, massive waste of taxpayer dollars, and ineptitude. The private sector is accountable to performance.
  • Centralization of power, pyramid bureaucracy, and turfs quash innovators. Innovation comes from free enterprise, and that's the best way to reward innovators.
  • Government should not compete with the private sector. This killed some private sector space ventures.

I was really committed to throwing away the perks and getting out of the comfort zone, in order to learn life in the purely private sector.

This is not naivete about corporations. I was well aware of the pitfalls of companies -- that they sell foods with bad things in them to the masses, they put out misleading marketing, they buy journalists who review their products (noting the correlation between advertisers and editor's choices of awful products vs. much better competing products), they buy politicians, they bribe regulators, and so on. However, this would be a lesser evil when the internet rises and consumers can post their own reviews and criticisms.

A free press is crucial for the checks and balances system of our society, and internet would improve that situation dramatically.

As a final note on this phase of my life, I want to cite some history which I had been keenly aware of from my university years in view of the Pentagon related work I was just about to leave:

Here is a short YouTube extraction from President (and five star General) Eisenhower's farewell address on the dangers of "the military industrial complex" on January 17, 1961, days before he turned over the presidency to John F. Kennedy. Prophetic. Eisenhower had been Supreme Commander of the US invasion of Europe in 1944-45 to overthrow nazi Germany, and was the first Supreme Commander of NATO, before being elected US President, one of the greatest people of the 20th century. (2:31)

To put the above extract into context, I recommend listening to the entire speech:

Part 1 of 2: The leadup and very beginning of his discussion of the Military Industrial Complex (7:52) - audio only

Part 2 of 2: The core of his discussion of the Military Industrial Complex (7:53) - audio only

Several days later, John F. Kennedy became president, and during his Presidential inauguration speech, he ends with his famous words:

"Ask not what your country can do for you
Ask what you can do for your country.

My fellow citizens of the world
Ask not what American will do for you
But together what we can do for the freedom of man."

"... finally whether you are citizens of America or citizens of the world ... ... the same high standards ... with a good conscience, our only sure reward, with history the final judge of our deeds ..."

President Kennedy also started the "Peace Corps Volunteers" program (including involvement in the 1950s early conceptual work long before he became President), and many of the best people I've ever met in this world were former Peace Corps Volunteers. Indeed, many of these people helped me spread internet around the world, and persuaded me to take work at less pay than other jobs in order to work together with them on the same ideal.

Meanwhile, I've known a lot of people who got very rich as defense contractors waving the flag all the way to the bank, but they wouldn't do anything patriotic without a major money incentive, and without that suddenly get lazy and disinterested otherwise, and in fact I've seen a lot of questionable behavior to maximize their income without regard to the national interest or international security concerns, something I consider getting close to the labels of "scam". Waving the flag all the way to the bank.

Similarly for USAID and the United Nations. Lots of corruption.

More than a decade later, I support our troops and sacrificing people on the ground in Iraq and around the world, but I heavily question the motives of many people who got us into the Iraq war in the first place, as well as the negligent management which led to poor intelligence about Iraq and Al Queda. However, I was not at all surprised. The system promotes by personal loyalties and institutional conformity, not patriotism or ethics. And MONEY.

Enough was enough back in 1987.

It's remarkable to find on the Wikipedia page of Eisenhower just two extensive quotes at the end of the page:

  1. While still President, when addressing the United Nations General Assembly in NY on September 22, 1960, on space and the need to develop it for peace, not war:

    "The emergence of this new world poses a vital issue: will outer space be preserved for peaceful use and developed for the benefit of all mankind? Or will it become another focus for the arms race and thus an area of dangerous and sterile competition? The choice is urgent. And it is ours to make. The nations of the world have recently united in declaring the continent of Antarctica 'off limits' to military preparations. We could extend this principle to an even more important sphere. National vested interests have not yet been developed in space or in celestial bodies. Barriers to agreement are now lower than they will ever be again."

  2. And from a speech near the beginning of his presidency, in 1953, to a newspaper editors' society:

    "Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and not clothed. This world in arms is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children. This is not a way of life at all in any true sense. Under the cloud of threatening war, it is humanity hanging from a cross of iron."

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